Spinal phlebography is an "indirect" radiologic method for investigating verte bromedullary pathology. it's a risk free and nearly painless procedure that doesn't require the advent of distinction medium into the subarachnoid areas. Its interpretation is predicated at the variations of the epidural veins which don't themselves have any confirmed pathology. The longitudinal epidural veins are located within the anterolateral angles of the spinal canal among the nerve root and the intervertebral disc. They conse quently signify a tremendous anatomic landmark within the research of disc pathol ogy simply because they're compressed via a disc herniation sooner than the corresponding nerve root is reached. the advance of the ideas of lumbar phlebography through catheterization of the lateral sacral veins and of cervical phlebography by way of catheterization of the vertebral veins now allows opacification of the epidural venous procedure alongside the complete size of the lumbar and cervical backbone. Spinal phlebography can accordingly be used generally, essentially in disc pathology yet now additionally in different fields of vertebromedullary pathology comparable to myelopathy, tumors, or stenosis of the spinal canal, the place it presents new info in comparison to the opposite concepts of research. The techniq ue and result of spinal phlebography in those numerous stipulations are awarded during this monograph that's an try out, with the collaboration of a number of authors, to summarize present wisdom during this box. purely lumbar and cervical phlebography can be mentioned during this monograph.
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